There are certain moments in history when everything changes. We all just lived through one of these world-changing times with the recent pandemic. On 9/11, we commemorate another day that profoundly changed our reality. The rabbis of the Talmud were likewise living through a major paradigm shift, trying to figure out how to live in a world without the Great Temple that had long been the center of Jewish life. Their response to the great catastrophe of their time can help us reflect more deeply on how we are responding to the calamities of our own age. This program was presented by Rabbi David Kasher, Director of HADAR West Coast, at Temple Beth Am, Los Angeles, on September 11, 2023, as part of TBA's Elul Learning series.